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Tropical Darwin

Early Explorers - Darwin Northern Territory Australia

Notable Expedition's
The History of Australian Exploration http://gutenberg.net.au/ausexplore/ausexpl3-app15.html
GOYDER G.W.
G W Goyder's Expedition of 1869

Goyder's Northern Territory Expedition:
In late 1868, Goyder set out from Port Adelaide with 150 men, among them a botanist and a doctor. Goyder reached Darwin Harbour early in 1869, and within a few months had fixed the site of the Territory's capital at Palmerston (afterwards Darwin) He also surveyed about 700,000 acres for farming land.

1865--G. W. Goyder; removed settlement of Escape Cliffs to Port Darwin.
Courtesy of: www.archives.sa.gov.au
Courtesy of: www.archives.sa.gov.au/exhibits/saonmap/planner/palmerston.html

The dates and places of signings are listed below in chronological order.
Early Explorer's, Pastoralist's, Surveyor's and Pioneers

BARCLAY, HENRY VERE
&
MacPHERSON, RONALD HORACE

Explorer:
1911-12 Barclay Expedition Northern Territory Survey & Exploration Party.
Courtesy of: http://www.anu.edu.au/linguistics/nash/kt/1911-barclay.html

BASEDOW, HERBERT
(1881-1933)
Anthropologist:
Courtesy of: http://gutenberg.net.au/dictbiog/0-dict-biogBa.html
BENNETT J WO
(????-1869)

Draftsman:
Beenett Street - Darwin is named after J WO Bennett, a Draftsman who was killed by natives at Fred's Pass. His body was interred on the top of Fort Hill, and a monument erected there. Speared between hours 12 and 1 pm on Monday, 24th May, 1869. Died 10am Friday, 28th May. He was taken by wagon to Elizabeth River landing and then by boat to Fort Hill where he was buried at 2.30 pm on Saturday 29th May. The name was applied by Surveyor General Goyder in 1869.
Courtesy of: www.nt.gov.au/

BROWN, HENRY YORKE LYELL
(1844-1928),

Geologist:
Among his most notable achievements was the fixing of the limits of the artesian basin in the centre of Australia, and the discovering of sites for bores.
Courtesy of: http://gutenberg.net.au/dictbiog/0-dict-biogBr-By.html (Scroll down on the page)

BUCHANAN, NATHANIEL
(1826-1901),
Pioneer Pastoralist and Explorer:
Throughout the seventies and eighties Buchanan did a large amount of pioneering, working principally in northern, Queensland and the Northern Territory.
Courtesy of: http://gutenberg.net.au/dictbiog/0-dict-biogBr-By.html (Scroll down on the page)
BURKE, ROBERT O'HARA
(1821-1861),
Explorer:
Gulf of Carpentaria
Courtesy of: http://gutenberg.net.au/dictbiog/0-dict-biogBr-By.html (Scroll down on the page)
CADELL, FRANCIS
(1822-1879),

Navigator:
In February 1867 the South Australian government sent Cadell to the Northern Territory "to fix upon a proper site for the survey of 300,000 acres".
Courtesy of: http://gutenberg.net.au/dictbiog/0-dict-biogCa-Ch.html

CRESWELL, SIR WILLIAM ROOKE
(1852-1933),

Vice-admiral:

1878, and he then went to Australia and took up land in Queensland and the Northern Territory.
Courtesy of: http://gutenberg.net.au/dictbiog/0-dict-biogCl-Cu.html

EWART, ALFRED JAMES
(1872-1937),

Botanist:
in 1917 he published in collaboration with Miss Olive B. Davies. The Flora of the Northern Territory.
Courtesy of: http://gutenberg.net.au/dictbiog/0-dict-biogE.html

FINNISS, BOYLE TRAVERS
(1807-1893)

Pioneer and first premier of South Australia:
1864 the South Australian government, desiring to open up the Northern Territory, organized a survey party under Finniss, giving him instructions to examine the Adelaide River and the coastline to the west and east of it.
Courtesy of: http://gutenberg.net.au/dictbiog/0-dict-biogF.html

FORREST, ALEXANDER
(1849-1901),

Explorer:
IIn 1879 he led a party of eight men from De Grey River then skirted to the Fitzroy River From there they made their way to Palmerston, then the capital of the Northern Territory, and they arrived on 7 October.
Courtesy of: http://gutenberg.net.au/dictbiog/0-dict-biogF.html

FORREST, SIR JOHN,
first Baron Forrest of Bunbury
(1847-1918),

Western Australia Explorer and Statesman:
He had been made C.M.G. in 1882, K.C.M.G. in 1891, a privy councillor in 1897, G.C.M.G. in 1901, and on 2 February 1918 he was raised to the peerage as Baron Forrest of Bunbury, the first native-born Australian to attain that honour.
Courtesy of: http://gutenberg.net.au/dictbiog/0-dict-biogF.html

FINNISS, BOYLE TRAVERS

Explorer:
Boyle Travers Finniss was appointed first Government Resident and ordered to explore and survey a site for the new settlement in the Northern Territory. The site he selected was at Escape Cliffs near the mouth of the Adelaide River, overriding the objections of some of his staff. ... read on
Courtesy of: http://www.samemory.sa.gov.au/site/page.cfm?u=502
LITCHFIELD, FREDERICK HENRY

Explorer and Special Constable
Frederick Henry Litchfield, explorer and Special Constable, old Palmerston NT with Finniss' survey party 1864/5. Found first gold at Tumbling Waters in 1868. Courtesy of: http://www.nt.gov.au/lands/lis/placenames/origins/darwincity.shtml

MacKINLAY, JOHN

Explorer:
1865 John McKinlay arrived from Adelaide to explore the region after Finniss ... read on Courtesy of: http://www.samemory.sa.gov.au/site/page.cfm?u=502

McMiNN, GILBERT ROTHERDALE

Surveyor:
1st class Surveyor in charge of the No. 4 Survey Party in the Goyder expedition to establish Palmerston (now Darwin) in 1869 and later in charge of surveying the Central Sections of the Overland Telegraph Line.
Courtesy of: http://www.nt.gov.au/lands/lis/placenames/origins/darwincity.shtml

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